KOWNO, now Kovno - the home of national culture

kalvarija 1

Cancelled by favour, 12 July 1916. My first postal item is dated the 16th, which was a Sunday. It was a German-language form of some kind. Most items seen from Kovno were sent in the November, to the US. 

Kaunas is the second largest city in Lithuania. In 1862 a railway connecting the Russian Empire and Imperial Germany was built, making Kaunas a significant railway hub with one of the first railway tunnels in the Empire. Before the Second World War, Kaunas, like many other cities in eastern Europe, had a significant Jewish population, who spoke Yiddish, written usually in Hebrew script. According to the Russian census of 1897, Jews numbered 25,500, about 36% percent of the total of 70,900. Many Lithuanian nobles were Polonized and only the poor and middle classes used Lithuanian.